Thursday, April 11, 2024

Stéphane Gendron: Les animaux dans la toponymie française


The lecture series Onomastics Online continued on 10 April 2024 with a presentation given by Stéphane Gendron with the title "Les animaux dans la toponymie française : entre réel et imaginaire ". 0:00 - 3:15 Introduction 3:15 - 44:15 Presentation 44:15 - 54:06 Discussion

Thursday, April 4, 2024

Lecture 'Swords and Swine: the character of river-names in Welsh and English'

 Twitter 



Conférence par Stéphane Gendron sur les zootoponymes

 lien


le 10 avril 2024, Mercredi, 17h (France), 3:00 PM (UTC): Stéphane Gendron “Les animaux dans la toponymie française : entre réel et imaginaire”

Résumé : Dans la toponymie française, les noms de lieux évoquant les animaux, qu’ils soient sauvages ou domestiques, sont à la fois fréquents et d’une grande variété. Mais au-delà des apparences, leur interprétation n’est pas sans poser quelques problèmes. Par exemple, les animaux domestiques occupentils une place spécifique par rapport aux animaux sauvages ? L’étude de la toponymie peut-elle, sur ce point, apporter quelques lumières ? Dans quelle mesure tel toponyme est-il le signe de la présence réelle d’un animal ou d’une espèce ? De même que les noms d’animaux sont fréquemment utilisés dans la langue courante pour désigner des réalités éloignées du règne animal, les toponymes ont-ils parfois une valeur purement métaphorique ? Ces zootoponymes – que nous distinguons des zoonymes, noms que l’on donne aux animaux – font à la fois appel à des connaissances traditionnelles, impliquent que le chercheur soit tout particulièrement attentif aux modes de relations et d’échanges que les populations ont entretenus avec le milieu naturel. Il se doit également d’être attentif aux représentations des hommes à l’égard des animaux, souvent très éloignés de notre regard actuel.

Sunday, March 31, 2024

Flurnamen und Konsorten (Kleine onomastische Schriften)

 Link 

published in  2023 by Ulrich Scheuermann with the help of Barbara Scheuermann

German


Sowohl für den sprachgeschichtlich orientierten Sprachwissenschaftler als auch für den regional- und landeskundlich arbeitenden Historiker gehören Flurnamensammlung und Flurnamenforschung zu jenen Untersuchungsfeldern, auf deren Ergebnisse sie gern zurückgreifen, lassen sich doch mit solcherart Befunden aus der Onomastik eigene Erkundungen vorantreiben, Thesen absichern, Einsichten stützen. Freilich ist Namenforschung auch per se ein interessantes Themenfeld, insbesondere dort, wo es um Fragen der Identität geht, sei es für das Individuum, sei es für gesellschaftliche Gruppen, zum Beispiel eine dörfliche Gemeinschaft. Der vorliegende Band mit kleinen onomastischen, vornehmlich niedersächsischen Flurnamen gewidmeten Schriften Ulrich Scheuermanns, die im Laufe mehrerer Jahrzehnte entstanden sind, führt kundig ein in die Praxis onomastischen Arbeitens, das ein quellenkritisches Herangehen auf der einen sowie sorgfältig vorzunehmende etymologische und grammatische Analysen auf der anderen Seite und nicht zuletzt auch gute Ortskenntnis verlangt. Indes stellen die in diesem Buch zusammengeführten Aufsätze nicht nur das methodische Rüstzeug, sondern auch den vielschichtigen Ertrag solchen Arbeitens vor und veranschaulichen diesen Nexus anhand der Flurnamen ausgewählter Ortschaften; hinlänglich berücksichtigt wird dabei die enge Verbindung zwischen Flurnamen, Orts- und Wüstungsnamen.

English

Linguists interested in the history of languages as well as historians focussing on regional studies favorably resort to onomatology in order to prove the evidence or insights of their own research. Onomastics, in itself an interesting subject, can provide relevant data regarding questions of identity of both individuals and social groups, such as village communities, for example. The volume on hand covers several decades of texts by Ulrich Scheuermann presenting his onomastical research on fieldnames predominantly from Lower Saxony. Not only is this collection of essays a knowledgeable introduction into practical onomastical methods which require critical assessment of sources, detailed etymological and grammatical analysis as well as solid local knowledge. With their variety of findings the essays also illustrate the close connections between field and place names and names of deserted settlements or villages.


Beiträge




Древнеиндийская ономастика в “Махабхарате” на примере гимна “Вишнусахасранама”


19 марта 2024 г. в 12-00 в рамках заседания отдела типологии и сравнительного языкознания состоится доклад Марциса Юрьевича Гасунса «Древнеиндийская ономастика в “Махабхарате” на примере гимна “Вишнусахасранама”». Древнеиндийская ономастика в «Махабхарате» на примере гимна «Вишнусахасранама» «Вишнусахасранама» представляет собой яркий образец отдельного вида гимнов-стотр, сто или тысяча имен божеств. Принципы бытования эпитетов в гимне существенно отличаются от текста остального повествования “Махабхараты”, хотя большая их часть (в цельном или видоизмененном виде) встречается и за пределами “Анушасанапарвы”. Здесь эпитеты часто описывают различные абстрактные качества и ипостаси первопринципа Вишну. Среди тысячи имен Вишну встречаются десятки повторов. Отдельные имена встречаются даже больше двух раз, в разных частях гимна. Но в контексте рядом стоящих имен они обретают новое истолкование, что отчетливо видно из средневекового комментария Саяны. Особое внимание уделяется этимологии и мифологии, разным пластам толкования "пучков" имен по смыслу (выстраивая в ряд или, наоборот, антонимические пары) и созвучию, и значимости особой очередности имен, что оставляет обширное поле для дальнейших исследований. Вишнусахасранама прежде не переводилась ни в ленинградском, ни в ашхабадском изданиях русского перевода “Махабхараты”. “Вишнусахасранама” является важным источником для углубленного изучения древнеиндийской традиции наречения имен. https://inslav.ru/event/doklad-myu-ga...

Кто такой Царь Горох

НЕскучная ОНОМАСТИКА

Tuesday, March 26, 2024

Biblical Onomasticon Speaks : An Anthroponymic and Toponymic Survey of Biblical and Epigraphic Onomasticon with Archaeological Support

 link  


Rahkonen, Pauli (2024-03-01)


Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
https://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-12-4346-2
Personal names of the Old Testament have been more widely treated scientifically already approximately 100 years (since Martin Noth 1928). Usually scholars have been concentrated on internal structures of names, such as theophoric elements, and on semantic questions. Especially, since the last part of 1980’s several studies on personal names of the Old Testament have seen daylight. The present dissertation consists of four peer reviewed articles, which have been published in publications of theological or oriental research. In addition, the dissertation consists of a so called kappa-section containing goals of the study, methods, earlier research and summary.
The present dissertation treats its subject largely. Compared with several other explorations the aspect is different, too. The essential method concentrates on the comparison between extra biblical epigraphic onomasticon and biblical data of names. One of the goals has been to clarify to which era the personal names of the selected biblical books belong. The selected books are the Pentateuch, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1–2 Samuel and Ezra–Nehamiah. One of the articles treats toponyms of the Southern Levant which can be dated to the second millennium BC. The goal has been to find out areal concentrations of different toponymic types. This, in turn, illustrates linguistic distributions in the ancient Southern Levant. These toponyms have also been compared with names outside of the studied region. Through the comparison the direction and dating of possible migrations has been possible to define. The article in question combines archaeology and onomastics.
Finally, we can briefly state that the fashion of given names has varied sometimes slowly and gradually, but sometimes even suddenly. The anthroponyms of the patriarchal narratives in Genesis resemble closely epigraphic Canaano-Amorite personal names from the Middle Bronze Age (ca 1950–1550 BC), which are found for example in the Mari archives or Egyptian execration texts. The onomasticon of the rest of the Pentateuch (Moses narratives), Joshua and Judges correspond mainly the epigraphic names originating from the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age I (ca 1550–1000 BC). In these books yahwistic names are extremely rare and begin to appear only in 1 and especially 2 Samuel. The Israelite epigraphic onomasticon of the Iron Age II (ca 1000–586 BC) resembles rather closely those of 1–2 Kings and Jeremiah. The high popularity of yahwistic names is a typical phenomenon during this period. Names of Ezra–Nehemiah represent mostly earlier (Late Iron Age II) types of anthroponyms, but a new fashion begins to appear, too. Ancient heroic biblical names, such as found in the patriarchal narratives, begin to emerge. They became dominant during the Hellenistic Period.
 
Gamla testamentets personnamn har behandlats mer omfattande i vetenskaplig mening sedan cirka 100 år tillbaka (Martin Noths publikationer). Å andra sidan har fokus legat på namnens interna strukturer, som teofora elementen och å andra sidan på namnens semantiska frågor. Särskilt sedan slutet av 1980-talet har flera studier publicerats angående nomenklaturen i Gamla testamentet. Den aktuella avhandlingen består av fyra ”peer-reviewed” artiklar publicerade i publikationer i teologiska eller Mellanösternstudier. Dessutom innehåller den en omfattande kappa-avdelning, som introducerar t.ex. forskningsmål, metoder, tidigare forskning och en sammanfattning.
Denna avhandling behandlar ämnet ganska omfattande. Synvinkeln är också annorlunda än de flesta i tidigare studier. Den centrala metoden kristalliseras i utombiblisk och biblisk nomenklatur för statistisk jämförelse. Målet har varit att ta reda på sambandet mellan bibliska namn i jämförelse till arkeologiskt daterade epigrafiska namn. Jämförelsen har använts för att ta reda på vilken epok personnamnen på de utvalda Gamla testamentets böcker ingår. De utvalda böckerna är 1–5 Moseböcker, Josuas bok, Domarboken, Ruts bok, 1–2 Samuelsböcker och Esras och Nehemias böcker. En till av artiklarna rör toponymer i Södra Levanten som kan dateras till 2: a årtusendet f.Kr. Det här syftet med artikeln har varit att hitta regionala koncentrationer av olika namntyper. Detta ger i sin tur en bild om Södra Levantens språkliga utbredningar. Namnen har även jämförts med namn utanför regionen. Denna jämförelses mål har varit att ta reda på riktningen och tidpunkten för eventuella migrationer. Artikeln kombinerar arkeologi och namnvetenskap.
Som ett resultat kan man kort konstatera att modet för namn har ofta förändrats långsamt och gradvis, men ibland snabbt också. Namnen på de patriarkala berättelserna i Första Moseboken liknar den mellersta bronsålderns (ca 1950–1550 f.Kr.) epigrafiska kanaanitiska-amoritiska namn, som finns t.ex. bland namnen på Mari-arkivet eller egyptiska utsöndringstexter. 2–5 av Moseböckernas, Josuas bok och Domarbokens nomenklatur motsvarar för det mesta nomenklaturen för senare bronsåldern och järnåldern I (ca.1550–1000 f.Kr). Det är typiskt för dessa böcker att de s.k. Jahwistiska namnen är mycket sällsynta och blir mer allmänt i 2 Samuelsboken. Vid Järnålder II (ca 1000–586 f.Kr.) den epigrafiska israelitiska nomenklaturen liknar i stort sett till exempel namn i 1–2 Kungaböcker eller Jeremia. Jahwistiska namns popularitet är typisk. Namnen på Esra–Nehemias böcker är påhittade mestadels från namntyper tidigare än den persiska perioden, men ett nytt mode för namn börjar redan dyka upp. Forntida bibliska hjältenamn börjar dyka upp, liksom många namn av patriarkala narrativer, som blev utbredd under den hellenistiska perioden och därefter.

III Congrés Toponomasticon Hispaniae i XIV Congrés Internacional sobre Onomàstica

 


La Facultat de Filologia, Traducció i Comunicació i el monestir de Sant Miquel dels Reis acolliran del  9 al 12 d'abril el  III Congrés Toponomasticon Hispaniae i XIV Congrés Internacional sobre Onomàsticaestà. Aquests esdeveniments estan alineats temàticament amb l'Estratègia Europea de Recerca i innovació 2020-2024, perquè la toponímia és considerada un bé immaterial de la Humanitat. En aquest sentit, el seu estudi està directament connectat amb la protecció dels valors dels ciutadans, ja que amb un topònim podem viatjar, com si ho férem dins d'una càpsula del temps, a les vivències i les relacions dels nostres avantpassats. Per això, abans que desaparegua aquest indicador de la història de la humanitat, és prioritari un estudi a Europa.


La inscripció per a assistir al congrés s'acabarà el 25 de març. En el Congrés col·labora el CEFIRE de Plurilingüisme de la GV, que donarà crèdits als assistents docents. 


Schedule:

9 april 2024 at 15:30 to 20:00. Tuesday.

From 10 april 2024 to 12 april 2024. Wednesday, thursday and friday at 08:30 to 20:00.


Organized by Facultat de Filologia, Traducció i Comunicació.


More information


ОНОМАСТИЧНІ ЗУСТРІЧІ «Дослідження ономастики польсько-українського пограниччя»

 ІІ Міжнародна наукова конференція (6.05.2024) 

6. 5. 2024 on-line conference "Onomastic Research of the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland" / Badania onomastyki pogranicza polsko-ukraińskiego / Дослідження ономастики польсько-українського пограниччя

https://forms.gle/v6gZ241BvcrhtpmU7



Friday, March 22, 2024

Dictionary of Family Names in the Visegrad Countries

Today marked a significant milestone in the exploration of cultural heritage as scholars and enthusiasts convened for an enlightening online onomastic event. Hosted on the digital platform, the event titled "The Dictionary of Family Names in the Visegrad Countries" offered a deep dive into the study of family names within the Visegrad region, comprising Czechia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. Let's take a journey through the key highlights of this enriching gathering.

Opening Words:

The event commenced with a warm welcome from Judit Bóna, Vice-Dean of ELTE, Hungary, setting the stage for an engaging discourse on the intricate tapestry of family names.


Section 1: Unveiling Foundations

Mariann Slíz from ELTE, Hungary, initiated the proceedings with an insightful introduction to "The Dictionary of Family Names in the Visegrad Countries," laying the groundwork for the subsequent discussions. János N. Fodor and Kitti Hauber, also from ELTE, presented a typological comparison of surname stocks across the V4 countries, offering valuable insights into naming conventions and cultural exchanges. Pavel Štěpán from ÚJČ, Czechia, delved into the delimitation of motivation categories of Czech surnames, shedding light on the underlying factors shaping naming practices. The exploration continued with Małgorzata Rutkiewicz-Hanczewska and Karolina Galewska from UAM, Poland, unveiling the frequency and structural semantics of Polish surnames, providing a comprehensive overview of their cultural significance.

Section 2: Navigating Cultural Significance

The second segment of the event offered a deeper dive into the meanings and linguistic origins of common surnames in Slovakia, led by Ján Bauko and Orsolya Hegedűs from UKF. Tamás Farkas from ELTE, Hungary, explored the fascinating intersection of surnames and ethnonyms, drawing lessons from surname stocks to illuminate broader cultural narratives. Veronika Štěpánová from ÚJČ, Czechia, navigated the usability of the Dictionary in language consulting, highlighting its relevance in contemporary scholarship. Annamária Szabó T., also from ELTE, Hungary, provided invaluable insights into incorporating the Dictionary into educational contexts, offering practical guidance for educators and students alike.

Closing Thoughts:
As the event drew to a close, participants left with a renewed appreciation for the richness of cultural heritage encapsulated within family names. The journey through the Visegrad countries' naming traditions unveiled a mosaic of historical, linguistic, and sociocultural nuances, underscoring the importance of preserving and understanding our collective heritage.

As we reflect on the insights shared and connections forged during this remarkable event, we look forward to continued exploration and discovery in the realm of onomastics.

Wednesday, March 20, 2024

Two Honorary Research Fellows appointed in the Institute for Name-Studies

 Twitter

Delighted to announce the appointment of two Honorary Research Fellows in the Institute for Name-Studies, joining @UoNEnglish research community.

Camilla Balshaw (@CamillaBalshaw) is a writer and journalist working on the intersection of names and identities in modern Britain. You can find out more about Camilla's published and ongoing work on her website: camillabalshaw.uk 

Dr Ayokunmi Ojebode specialises in literary onomastics, especially in an African cultural context. Ayokunmi has been an Hon. Research Fellow with the INS since 2021, and we're very pleased to have his appointment renewed. View Ayokumi's research at: researchgate.net/profile/Ayokun

SNSBI 30th Spring Conference 2024

 link 


The 2024 SNSBI Spring conference will take place from May 10 to 13 at the All Hallows Campus of Dublin City University (DCU) at Drumcondra. Accommodation will be provided by DCU on the Glasnevin Campus. Both are in the northern suburbs of Dublin, easily accessible from the airport.

Call for papers: contributions are welcome on a range of topics, both place- and personal names. If you are interested in giving a paper please email a title and abstract to confsec@snsbi.org.uk by January 25th.

For more information, and booking details, please see the first circular.

Draft programme

  • Conchubhar Ó Crualaoich – opening lecture.
  • Liam Ó hAisibéil ‘Eighteenth century 'translations’ of Irish surnames’
  • Justin Ó Gliasáin ‘Placenames of Inishowen’
  • Paul Tempan ‘Place-names on Robert Lythe’s Map of Carrickfergus Bay (Belfast Lough), 1567’
  • Liam Mac Mathúna ‘A corpus of Irish-language place-names from the Dublin area (c.1728)’
  • Aindí Mac Giolla Chomhghaill ‘minor placenames in the Dublin mountains’
  • Peder Gammeltoft ‘Quantitative extra-linguistic methods in place-name research – worth the bother?
  • Pádraig Ó Cearbhaill ‘Sliabh na mBan (‘the mountain of the women’)
  • Thomas Owen Clancy ‘Gaelic and the Ordnance Survey’
  • Zenobie Garrett & Catherine Porter ‘OS200 Database Demo’
  • Abigail Lloyd ‘Learning from Celtic predecessors or creation from scratch: What then is a dūn?’
  • Eleanor Rye ‘Old English and Old Scandinavian in contact: dialect-contact and place-names
  • Keith Briggs ‘Suffolk place-name project’
  • Carole Hough ‘The Old English contribution to Scottish toponymy’
  • Chris Lewis ‘Helensburgh house-names of the later Victorian period’

Third Circular Letter of ICOS 2024

 link 



It includes important information about the Congress, such as registration instructions, link to the programme, and the availability of the lectures for the online participants.

Most importantly, registration to the Congress is now open. You may register yourself here: https://confedent.eventsair.com/icos2024/registration/Site/Register. Please note that the early bird fee is available until 18 May, and the final date of registration is 31 July.

Best wishes,

ICOS 2024 Organizing Committee

Sunday, March 17, 2024

Middle-earth in Prague: Residents Push for 'Lord of the Rings' Street Names

 link 

Source

In the heart of North Prague's historic center lies an enchanting island nestled within the Vltava River – Rohan Island. This picturesque locale is set to undergo a transformation into a vibrant residential district, slated for completion in the coming decade.

However, the city's administration has stirred a debate by announcing plans to christen the new streets with names of renowned philosophers like Kant and Derrida. Yet, amidst this proposal, Czech residents have launched a spirited online petition advocating for a different tribute – one inspired by J.R.R. Tolkien's timeless masterpiece, The Lord of the Rings.

For those unfamiliar with Tolkien's epic tale, the connection might seem puzzling. Rohan Island, it turns out, shares its name not with the fictional realm of Middle-earth, but with a local poet, Josef Rohan.

Undeterred by this detail, the petitioners have garnered over 10,000 signatures, championing the celebration of the valiant heroes who once graced the pages of Tolkien's fantasy saga.

Moreover, the absence of female representation among the proposed street names has prompted criticism. In response, the petitioners advocate for honoring Eowyn, the fearless shieldmaiden, to rectify this oversight.

Notably, the campaign has found support from former Prague Mayor Zdenek Hřib of the Pirate Party, adding weight to the cause.

This fervor for fantasy is not new to Czech culture. In a notable census event in 2021, over 21,000 Czechs proudly declared themselves as Jedi, echoing their love for the mystical worlds of Star Wars.

As the debate rages on, the fate of Rohan Island's streets hangs in the balance, caught between the allure of philosophy and the enchantment of Middle-earth.

Saturday, March 9, 2024

Richesse onomastique de la vallée de la Loire

 lien 

LA VARIATION ONOMASTIQUE

Richesse onomastique de la vallée de la Loire

 par Michel Tamine

Collection : Nomino ergo sum

Cet ouvrage analyse différents aspects de la variation des noms propres, soumis à des changements permanents, tout comme les mots du lexique général.
Les noms de lieux changent car ils reflètent les grandes ruptures historiques (changement de régime, révolution, colonisation et décolonisation, etc.). Mais cela peut aussi concerner l’explication donnée aux noms propres à différentes époques en fonction des outils d’analyse dont on dispose. Les noms de famille sont aussi soumis à variations, en raison d’évènements institutionnels ou selon les circonstances et l’entourage, d’où la création de surnoms, de sobriquets, etc. Autrement dit, les noms propres sont vivants, donc précieux ; c’est pourquoi on peut parler de « richesse onomastique » d’une région, en l’occurrence la vallée de la Loire, qui associe à l’image mythique d’une « belle langue » un patrimoine onomastique de grande valeur.

  • Date de publication : 29 février 2024
  • Broché - format : 15,5 x 24 cm • 370 pages
  • Langue : français
  • ISBN : 978-2-336-43625-8
  • EAN13 : 9782336436258
  • EAN PDF : 9782336436265
  • (Imprimé en France)


Thursday, March 7, 2024

Théories et méthodes pour l’analyse des noms propres dans les textes littéraires : synthèse


The lecture series Onomastics Online continued on 6 March 2024 with a presentation given by Professor Louis Hébert (Université du Québec à Rimouski) with the title "Théories et méthodes pour l’analyse des noms propres dans les textes littéraires : synthèse".