Saturday, February 22, 2020

Onomastica LXIV (2020) - Zaproszenie do przesyłania tekstów


Zapraszamy Autorów do przesyłania artykułów teoretycznych, materiałowych i przeglądowych, dotyczących nazw własnych we wszystkich ich aspektach i rodzajach do 64. tomu czasopisma Onomastica, który ukaże się w 2020 r. Czasopismo jest otwarte na poświęcone nazwom własnym artykuły ze wszystkich dyscyplin językoznawczych i niejęzykoznawczych, takich jak filozofia języka, historia, geografia, socjologia, kulturoznawstwo i innych.

Onomastica są recenzowanym czasopismem poświęconym teorii i interpretacji nazw własnych, wydawanym przez Instytut Języka Polskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk. Przyjęte teksty publikowane są zarówno w wersji elektronicznej (wersja podstawowa) na zasadzie Open Access, jak i tradycyjnej - papierowej. Każdy z opublikowanych tekstów otrzymuje numer DOI, ułatawiający indeksowanie w bazach danych.


Prace mogą być nadsyłane w języku angielskim, polskim, niemieckim, francuskim oraz we wszystkich językach słowiańskich. Do artykułów należy dołączyć tytuł, abstrakt i słowa kluczowe w języku angielskim.


Termin przyjmowania zgłoszeń upływa 17 kwietnia 2020 r.


Zgłoszenia artykułów przyjmowane są poprzez system OJS (Open Journal System) - w celu przesłania artykułu, prosimy autorów o zarejestrowanie się na stronie https://onomastica.ijp.pan.pl/index.php/ONOM/about/submissions

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Veuillez soumettre vos suggestions du nom por la ville d'Asbestos!

lien

Changement de nom de la Ville d’Asbestos

Vos suggestions de nom


Tel que prévu par la séquence de consultation publique annoncée en janvier dernier, la Ville a consulté la population (400 réponses reçues) ainsi que le Comité consultatif d’acceptabilité sociale pour retenir les critères sur la base desquels le nouveau nom sera choisi. Ainsi, la communauté d’Asbestos est invitée à proposer des choix de noms en s’inspirant des critères suivants :

  • À l’image de la population de la ville : un nom dynamique et rassembleur ;
  • Qui contribuera à l’essor de la ville ;
  • Représentatif de la région et de sa géographie ;
  • Illustrant l’histoire de la Ville, mais sans connotation directe avec l’amiante ;
  • Laïque ;
  • En français.
Rappelons aussi que la Commission de la toponymie du Québec, qui devra approuver le nouveau nom, encourage l’utilisation de certains critères qui seront pris en compte lors de l’analyse des suggestions. Ces critères sont disponibles à l’adresse suivante : http://www.toponymie.gouv.qc.ca/ct/normes-procedures/criteres-choix/

La date limite pour soumettre une suggestion est le 13 mars 2020

Merci de votre participation!

Friday, February 14, 2020

Sektion Onomastik bei der Tagung "Deutsch im interlingualen und interkulturellen Vergleich" in Budapest



Sehr geehrte Kolleginnen und Kollegen,
sehr geehrte Teilnehmende,

es freut uns außerordentlich, dass die Tagung Deutsch im interlingualen und interkulturellen Vergleich (16-17. April 2020, Budapest, KRE) Ihr Interesse erweckt hat, und dass Sie sehr anregende Vortragsthemen angeboten haben.

Für einen Plenarvortrag haben wir Prof. Dr. Waldemar Czachur, den Leiter des Instituts für Germanistische Linguistik an der Warschauer Universität eingeladen. Anhand der Abstracts wurde das beiliegende provisorische Konferenzprogramm zusammengestellt. Außer den Vorträgen wurde meist je eine Diskussionsrunde pro Sektion mitgeplant, wobei wir davon ausgegangen sind, dass die Diskussionen in den Pausen in kleineren Kreisen fortgesetzt werden. Für den 16. April ist noch ein kurzes musikalisches Kulturprogramm vor dem Empfang vorgesehen.

Wir freuen uns schon auf unser Treffen im April.

Mit freundlichen Grüßen:
Die Organisatoren

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Session on Toponymy at the 34th IGU International Geographical Congress in Istanbul

link

IGU International Geographical Congress of Istanbul, 17-21 August 2020

Session on Toponymy
Place names as indicators of human perception of space
From the perspective of geography, place names are not only explaining map symbols and cannot only serve as tools of orientation in the real world. They also tell us, how humans in various historical periods, of various cultures and in different parts of the world have perceived their environment, geographical space around them. By naming, to specify the point, they highlighted what looked important for them on the background of their culture and interests. Farmers, e.g., had a view on their environment different from herdsmen or seafarers, people in the mountains a view different from lowland dwellers, inhabitants of the temperate zones different from people in tropical regions. But even within a given society attitudes towards space and places reflecting themselves in the use of place names may vary by age groups, educational strata, gender and other aspects and thus shed a light on how people perceive their environment. Children, e.g., like to apply special names to features at places where they play. The spatial pattern of street names stored in the memory of persons can tell something about their range of activities and even about their political orientation, if they, e.g., maintain the already abandoned name commemorating a politician or a political event and refrain from using the new, now official name. Country names and names of regions and landscapes can tell something about how the name-givers as the (once) dominant group conceived themselves and this section of space. The use of exonyms reveals the network of external relations of a community and can indicate the process of globalization. Place names can thus be regarded as condensed narratives about name givers and name users. It is the intention of this session to explore this field in the historical (diachronic) as well as topical (synchronic) dimension, also under the aspect of globalization and localization.     

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

An der Umfrage "Sollen wir den Knochen einen Namen geben?" teilnehmen!


Liebe Teilnehmerin, lieber Teilnehmer, 


vielen Dank, dass Sie an unserer Umfrage teilnehmen! Egal, ob Sie sich mit Archäologie auskennen oder nicht: Wir interessieren uns für Ihre ganz persönliche Meinung zur Benennung archäologischer Menschenfunde (wie z.B. Ötzi). Außerdem bitten wir Sie um einige allgemeine Informationen zu sich selbst. Alle Angaben werden anonym gesammelt und nur für wissenschaftliche Forschung verwendet. Mit ca. 10 Minuten Ihrer Zeit helfen Sie uns, wichtige neue Erkenntnisse zu gewinnen. Vielen Dank dafür!

Die Ergebnisse dieser Studie werden voraussichtlich 2021 veröffentlicht im Rahmen des Aufsatzes Hofmann, Kerstin, Christina Sanchez-Stockhammer & Philipp W. Stockhammer. „Sollen wir den Knochen einen Namen geben? Und wenn ja, welchen? (De)Personalisierung und Objektifizierung prähistorischer Menschen.“ In: Martin Renger, Sophie Marie Rotermund, Stefan Schreiber & Alexander Veling (Hrsg.), Theorie | Archäologie | Reflexion. Kontroversen und Ansätze im deutschsprachigen Diskurs.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Names as Borders at the International Medieval Congress 2020

link

Submit your paper or even session considering personal or place-names as borders in the Middle Ages. 

The IMC provides an interdisciplinary forum for the discussion of all aspects of Medieval Studies. Proposals on any topic related to the Middle Ages are welcome, while every year the IMC also chooses a special thematic focus. In 2020 this is ‘Borders’.

Medieval borders have preoccupied scholars for several decades in various guises. The term ‘border’ designates a wide variety of phenomena: physical geographical limits, that can be signalled by border markers or natural features, points where toll has to be paid, political boundaries, that vary from points in space to linear and fortified military fronts, ways of controlling space, frontier zones, borderlands, porous zones of encounters and contact, ways of limiting community and identity, ideological and metaphorical delimitation including discourse and representation, bordering practices, the process of creating and performing borders, and borderscapes to capture fluidity and change over time.
This strand seeks to bring together medievalists of all fields interested in both the theory and practice of borders in all their variety, from physical boundaries and material borders to dynamic social and spatial relationships. Borders can be linked to power and the formation of states, to definitions of self and other, to violence and military engagement, to belonging and becoming, to material and symbolic construction, to relational and perspectival production of space, to mapping and discourse, to experience and theory, to negotiation and performance. Borders can also be found in frescoes, textiles, clothing, ceramics or coins, with practical, symbolic or aesthetic functions. Borders are also subject to evolution and significant change over time not just between the medieval and modern, but within the medieval period.
Themes to be addressed may include, but are not limited to:
  • Political and military borders
  • Living in border zones
  • Medieval and Modern perceptions, descriptions, and conceptualizations of borders
  • Delimiting borders, border markers
  • Border maintenance
  • Encountering and experiencing borders
  • Bordering practices
  • Borderscapes in the longue durée
  • Symbolic borders
  • Belonging and exclusion
  • Mapping borders and border zones
  • Border institutions
  • Materiality of borders
  • Border and power
  • Migration
  • Medieval imagery of borders
  • Transnationalism
  • Political, social, cultural, religious performance of borders
  • Village and parish boundaries
  • Boundaries between town and countryside and within towns
  • Practices of delimitation
  • Blurring boundaries such as human/animal, animate/inanimate, gender, age, status, religion
  • Self and other, boundaries of the self
  • Fluidity and fixity of borders
  • Borders in manuscripts
  • Material and visual borders
  • Processual and performative turns and medieval borders
  • Disciplinary boundaries
  • Paratexts as borders
  • Borders of the body
  • Transcending and reaffirming boundaries between life and death
  • Borders, boundaries, frontiers
The Special Thematic Strand ‘Borders‘ will be co-ordinated by Nora Berend (Faculty of History / St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge).
Proposals can be submitted online from 31 May 2019.
Paper proposal deadline: 31 August 2019
Session proposal deadline: 30 September 2019.
The IMC welcomes session and paper proposals submitted in all major European languages.

Saturday, February 8, 2020

SNSBI Twenty-ninth Spring Conference 17-20 April 2020

SNSBI

The 2020 SNSBI Spring conference will be held at the Heronston Hotel, Bridgend, Glamorgan.
Heronston is one of the interesting post-Conquest -ton places-names of south Wales. According to B. G. Charles, Non-Celtic place-names of Wales (1938), p.134, it means ‘Henry's farm’, and was recorded as Henrieston in c.1336.
The hotel is a 20-minute walk from Bridgend station, which is a mainline station with hourly connections. Bus 303 towards Barry runs hourly from the station to the hotel. The cost of the conference for SNSBI members, which includes en-suite accommodation, the coach excursion, use of leisure facilities, and all meals (excluding wine) is £370. The day delegate rate for members attending the full conference is £190. The coach trip on Sunday afternoon will be to the St Fagans National Museum of History. This world-renowned open-air museum showcases historic buildings relocated from across Wales, including a farm, a tannery, mills, and a chapel.
The conference will open on Friday night with a lecture from Prys Morgan, Emeritus Professor in History at Swansea University. Professor Morgan is co-author of Welsh Surnames, and is a specialist in Welsh history.
To reserve a place please pay a £50 deposit per person (non-refundable), together with the completed booking form (or an e-mail containing the same details), to treasurer at snsbi.org.uk. Direct bank transfers are the preferred method as they incur minimal cost to the society. Account name: Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland, sort code: 20-09-72, account: 50676683. Cheques should be made payable to ‘Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland’. Those wishing to pay by PayPal please follow the link below. Bursaries toward the cost of accommodation are available to student members. Please contact the treasurer for further details.
We must receive your booking and deposit by the 30th November 2019 to reserve your accommodation. Full cost of the conference is payable by end of January 2020. Only paid-up delegates can be guaranteed a place. The conference cost is non-refundable unless another delegate can be found to take the room.
The booking form is here, and the PayPal link is immediately below.

Confirmed papers

Keith Briggs, ‘The history of the word “beach”’

As we sit here only a few kilometres from Ogmore Beach and Merthyr Mawr Beach, it is pertinent to remember that the word “beach” belongs to that very small class of words first appearing in modern English (in this case, about 1535), which have no obvious (or even unobvious) antecedents in English, and which lack cognates in any other language. Recently I proposed a refinement of a suggestion of Ekwall that “beach” arose by semantic shift from a word of quite different meaning; in the new version of this theory “beach” is a lexicalization of a single specific place-name in Eastbourne in Sussex. If correct, this theory would make the word even more unusual; it would be a word arising from a toponym; a process not normally considered by etymologists. Reference: Keith BriggsThe Etymology of ‘Beach’, Notes and Queries, Volume 66 (2019), 370–374. online paper.

Rob Briggs, ‘Benson and hedging my bets’

Benson (formerly Bensington) in Oxfordshire is a place that makes several appearances in Old English-period written records, most arising from its status as an important centre of secular power in a frontier zone between the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex. The collected early spellings of its name are rather more diverse than might be expected, and for this reason the etymological analyses found in most scholarly reference works on English place-names are not reflective of the full corpus of attestations. This paper will take a fresh look at the early name-forms off the back of introducing another into the equation, one that occurs in a text of late seventh-century origin. The discussion of this evidence will highlight the importance of paying attention to the textual transmission of sources and the latest historical scholarship for political context alongside the more standard concerns of place-name studies. This “new” evidence may be suggestive, but is not conclusive. Nevertheless, the written record reveals Benson to have been not only a place of repeated political significance, but also a place-name with a more complex etymological history than previously recognised.

Thomas Clancy (University of Glasgow), ‘St Cadog in Scotland’

In his Latin Lives, the south Welsh saint Cadog of Llancarfan makes a journey to Scotland, founding a monastery and creating miracles. Did Cadog have a genuine cult in medieval Scotland? This paper explores the problems with this, arguing that the information in the Lives has come from Scotland, and that this is an instance of 'magpie hagiography’, Cadog having been confused with a saint of another name. But which saint? The paper will take in some problems of saints’ names and place-names, in both Scotland and south Wales.

Conchubhar Ó Crualaoich (The Placenames Branch), ‘Irish surnames in Irish townland names: a potential diagnostic for hereditary professional status

Irish townland names such as Baile Uí Mhaoldoraidh “the town(land) of Ó Maoldoraidh” seems, at an early state of research, to consist of less than 10% of all townland names from Irish. Where there was Anglo-Norman settlement and subsequent re-gaelicisation the percentage of Anglo-Norman surnames in Irish language place-names seems much higher (further research is need here). Certainly, in some counties where colonisation was extensive such as Wexford, there are more Anglo-Norman surnames in the place-names of Irish language origin that there are native surnames, even in areas recovered and dominated by the native Gaelic Irish themselves. Both sets of names seem to have been created under different legal conditions. Tenure was generally more secure under English freehold –less so under the Irish system, so the name of the occupying family could not be used on a frequent basis. Most Irish surnames found in the Sligo place-names, both extant and defunct, seem to have belonged to families with professional branches, learned or military. In contrast, the surnames of the principal septs are only rarely found in the townland names in Sligo. This must to be connected with the fact that professional families received land under different terms than the general population, and even members of the principal septs. Their tenure seems to have been more permanent and therefore conducive to lending their surname to their land. Should this pattern be repeated in other counties (and a quick perusal of townland names in some other counties seem to reflect this), it would suggests that one can use the occurrence of a surname (outside of the principal septs) in a townland name is an indicator of a probable professional background—this has particularly useful implications for our understand of native Irish culture and life prior to its demise from 1600 onwards. The use of place-names containing an Irish surname to diagnose the possible professional background of that family has not been suggested heretofore.

Keziah Garrett-Smithson (Aberystwyth University), ‘Ieuan, Johannis and John: 100 years of Welsh names’

Our first names provide the foundation of our identity. They place us within our family, wider community and culture. Although we cannot directly ask people who lived in early modern Wales what influenced their choices, we can gain insight from the names themselves. This paper focuses upon the first names of the people of Cardiganshire, in west Wales, over the period 1542-1659 as they appear in the court of Great Sessions records. The Great Sessions was the highest court within Wales from its foundation under the second act of union until its abolition in 1830. Although patchy in places, these files contain a cross-section of society and reveal patterns in the way in which names were chosen. For instance, we can trace the popularity and decline of specific names. In addition to this, Cardiganshire’s topography makes it an excellent place to use as a case study. The mountainous terrain made travel arduous and although maritime trade flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries, inland communication was much slower. With this in mind, we can investigate to what extent wider influences, for example from England or neighbouring counties, impacted name choices in relation to local traditions.

Clare Green (SOAS, University of London), ‘Naming Welsh-speaking children: case studies from London and Gwynedd’

Many factors go into choosing children's names, and for multilingual families there are extra issues to consider. Should the name represent all the family’s languages? How much should it take into account the linguistic environment the family lives in? Does the chosen name predict the language(s) a child will speak as they grow up? This paper looks at two families with a first-language Welsh-speaking parent, living in very different linguistic landscapes: one in London and one in Gwynedd, North Wales. Based on qualitative interviews with parents, it explores how they chose their children's names, the influence of their Welsh-speaking heritage, and how the decisions reflect their slinguistic attitudes and practices. This research uses names as a medium to learn about personal experiences of multilingualism and family language policy. This paper is based on research for a Masters dissertation in Language Documentation and Description.

Caroline Høglund Valentin Boolsen and Johnny Grandjean Gøgsig Jakobsen (University of Copenhagen), ‘Variations in Scandinavian place-names home and abroad: a comparative analysis of specifics for names in bythorpthweit and holm between Yorkshire, England, and Sjælland, Denmark’

Although it is well known by scholarship in both England and Denmark that a significant number of place-names in northern, central and eastern England appear to be of Scandinavian origin, relatively little has been done on either side to actually compare the toponomastic evidence found in England with that of its potential Scandinavian homeland. From a Danish perspective, an inclusion of Scandinavian (and probably predominantly Danish) settlement names in the Danelaw region would virtually double the amount of data evidence in medieval Danish toponymy. From an English perspective, a better understanding of how the Scandinavian place-names in England correspond to their namesakes in the Scandinavian homeland would improve the basis for seeing them in their right linguistic and settlement-historical context in England. This paper will take off in a new planned project to ease such comparative studies in the future by launching an online database of Scandinavian Settlement Names in Danelaw England. The paper will perform a comparative analysis of variations in the types of specifics that can be found for four groups of medieval place-names present in both Yorkshire, England, and Sjælland, Denmark: settlement names in ‑by‑thorp‑thweit and ‑holm.

Carole Hough (University of Glasgow), ‘“The most English county in Scotland”: Berwickshire place-names revisited’

Famously described by James B. Johnston as “the most English county in Scotland” (1940:7), the historical county of Berwickshire was the study area for the REELS project, funded by The Leverhulme Trust from 2016-2019. Eighty years after Johnston’s pioneering publication, it is appropriate to revisit the issues in light of more recent work. An overview of languages represented in the REELS database shows a preponderance of place-names from Old English (OE) and its descendants Scots and Scottish Standard English, the northern siblings of Middle English and Modern English. Individual formations represent doublets of common compounds recognised as name-types in England, for which the Scottish evidence adds to the overall picture (OE burh-tūn, OE hōh-tūn, OE mere-tūn), as well as doublets of rarer compounds where the English and Scottish occurrences throw light on each other (OE hrīs-tūn). While there are particularly close parallels with neighboring Northumberland (OE hwīt-ceaster), others occur as far afield as Wales (OE snāw-dūn). All occurrences of OE terms in Berwickshire extend their distribution further north. Of particular interest are rare terms (OE bæc-stān, OE bēmere, OE grǣg), terms unrepresented in English place-names (OE cyrn), and terms with a meaning previously hypothesised but unproven (OE cild). Reference: James B. Johnston, The Place-Names of Berwickshire (Edinburgh, 1940).

Peter Kitson, ‘When did “Old European” river-names begin?’

It is generally (albeit not universally) agreed that the class of river-names called alteuropäisch are Indo-European linguistically, but there is not general agreement how early within Indo-European they began. Hans Krahe, who first identified the type, characterized it as north-west Indo-European, by a rather impressionistic relation of its phonetics to the geography of surviving branches; W. P. Schmid, analysing the morphology, put back its origins to Common Indo-European. Linguists have tended to choose between these labels according to their opinions on the perennially vexed question of where the “original homeland” of Indo-European speakers was: Krahe’s fits nicely the currently much favoured steppe theory, Schmid’s doesn’t. One obvious test to make is to compare alteuropäisch to the oldest Indian river-names to see whether they seem to go back to a common system. I ducked this in the 1990s, thinking scholarship on the Indian names was not such as a non-Sanskritist could use with acceptable control of margins of error. Work by Michael Witzel and especially Václav Blažek has remedied that situation. This paper will compare alteuropäisch river-names with the more than two dozen attested in the Rigveda. Alteuropäisch names are suffixal monothematic in structure, their phonology implies grammatically adjectives not nouns; a substantial majority are of feminine gender. Vedic river-names are overwhelmingly adjectival semantically, mostly suffixal monothematic, and almost without exception feminine. I conclude that though the visibly productive name-elements are different, alteuropäisch and Vedic river-names are indeed probably exponents of a single original system of naming landscape features. Whether or not that system goes back all the way to the Ursprache probably cannot be directly demonstrated because the Anatolian material is problematic; either way it is something decisively wider than “north-west Indo-European”. 

Jonathan Masters (Lancaster University), ‘The changing marshlands along the River Alt, Lancashire: evidence of minor place-names, c. 1220–1300’

The wetlands either side of the River Alt in south west Lancashire has historically drawn considerable investment from agriculturalists despite this challenging environment. Today, the landscape supports a significant agricultural and horticultural economy, achieved through extensive drainage works initiated from the late eighteenth century. However, the evidence found in local muniment collections dating from the thirteenth century suggest a considerable effort for managing and improving the wetlands was made much earlier, especially following the introduction of two competing Cistercian houses. In the absence of manorial and administrative accounts - that would record the detail of such activities and its economic yield - we must look to the evidence of place-names to demonstrate any vast improvement in land under cultivation or expansion into new locations. Significantly, the boundary clauses in title deeds often recorded minor place-names attributed to significant features used to define the limits of possession. This paper draw on the evidence of place-names and their interpretation to uncover the earliest description of these environments and explain how medieval agriculturalists set about changing and drawing value from this marshland landscape in south west Lancashire.

Harry Parkin (University of Chester), ‘Surnames ending -sons: their history and distribution, and some methodological difficulties’

Surnames ending -sons, such as Johnsons and Jacksons, have received very little attention in the field of anthroponomastics. It is an unusual form that challenges expectations of by-name and surname formation, which is presumably what has led what little previous research there is to suggest it is ‘anomalous’ (McKinley 1977: 231); it appears only McKinley (1977: 231; 1990: 121) and Rodgers (1995: 223) have mentioned this ending before. This paper presents research that is a work in progress. It will look at the history, development and distribution of names ending -sons, in an effort to gain a greater understanding of this particular form. Some examples will be discussed, and possible explanations for their origins, based on known regional surnaming patterns, will be offered, while making it clear that there are considerable methodological challenges still to be overcome. Preliminary findings are far from conclusive, but there are some patterns beginning to emerge, and it is hoped that this report will stimulate further discussion and ideas around this rare surname form. References: R. A. McKinley, The Surnames of Oxfordshire (London, 1977); R. A. McKinley, A History of British Surnames (London: 1990); C. D. Rogers, The Surname Detective (Manchester, 1995).

Jo Pye, ‘By TrePol and Pen: mapping Cornish place-names in the landscape’

This paper will cover selected aspects of research undertaken for my PhD thesis in Landscape Archaeology at the University of Exeter, investigating Cornish Place-Names in the Landscape. The thesis builds on prior research into Cornish place-names by Dr Oliver Padel together with Historic Environment Record data shared by the Cornwall County Archaeological Unit. The approach uses Geographic Information System mapping to show patterns evident in selected Cornish place-name elements for medieval settlements throughout Cornwall. Over 5100 place-name elements were mapped according to their positions in the landscape in relation to natural features and settlement distributions, elevation, historical background, geology and soils contexts, and characterisation of historic landscape types. The research also covers dates of first attestation of settlement names, Domesday status where relevant, subsequent changes in name forms, and frequency of combinations with other place-name elements. The conference presentation will highlight research questions, headline findings from the research and how they have been underpinned by seventeen case studies of place-name element types. Topographical and habitative name elements were included in the sample studied, and confirm that they were originally assigned according to distinctive criteria reflecting shifting histories of settlement and language across Cornwall.

Goabilwe Nnanishie Ramaeba (University of Botswana), ‘A semantic analysis of lexically transparent personal names in Scotland’

The presence or absence of lexical meaning in personal names has been a contentious issue for many years across societies. The general consensus from previous studies (deKlerk & Lagonikos 1995, Hanks et al 2006) has been that names in the African context have a lexically transparent meaning while those in the European context have a lexically non-transparent meaning. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the fact that although this might be generally true, there are exceptions which need to be appreciated and acknowledged. This paper presents a semantic analysis of lexically transparent names found in Scotland and the motivations behind the names. The data for this study was collected in Glasgow for a PhD study and it indicates that a total of 353 name tokens were collected and 330 (93.5%) of these were lexically transparent while 23 (6.5%) were lexically nontransparent. The latter may be regarded as inconsequential because it is so small but it is significant as it forms part of the Scotland name-scape. The 23 name tokens are categorized into 9 semantic categories which include, Animals and birds, Months of the Year, Plants and Flowers amongst others. The sociolinguistic aspects of the names are also explored to establish the motivations behind the giving of the names and to see if these are linked to the transparent nature of the names.

Jennifer Scherr, ‘Place-names in Somerset’s royal forests’

Large areas of Somerset were once designated royal forests. Major names, particularly in Exmoor, Mendip, Neroche and Selwood, will be surveyed for their relevance. In addition, names in medieval forest perambulations, will be studied.

Catherine Swift (Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick), ‘Names, surnames and epithets in the Dublin Guild Merchant Roll pre AD 1223’

DNA studies, between 2005 and 2015 in particular, have had a strong interest in surnames and surname lineages which, in turn, has helped increase scholarly interest in the topic. The Dublin Guild Merchant Roll represents an apparently ethnically diverse group of people, most of whom appear to be recent arrivals, into a much older Hiberno-Norse city with a strong tradition in maritime trade. The nearest comparator is apparently the guild roll of Leicester which was being compiled in roughly the same period and which also represents a guild in a town with strong Scandinavian roots. Comparisons and contrasts between the two rolls are therefore of interest as is the extent to which the habits visible in the Dublin merchant roll can be detected in Irish language sources during the period of the Anglo-Norman colony.

XXV Convegno Internazionale di Onomastica & Letteratura


ONOMASTICA & LETTERATURA
c/o Dipartimento di Filologia, Letteratura e Linguistica
Piazza Torricelli, 2, 56126 Pisa


                                                                                 
Cari Soci di O&L, gentili Colleghi e Cultori di Onomastica letteraria,
vi rendiamo noto che presso l’Università di CAGLIARI,
nei giorni 22, 23 e 24 ottobre 2020 si svolgerà il
XXV Convegno Internazionale di O&L.

Gli argomenti intorno ai quali verterà sono i seguenti: 
  1. Il nome inadeguato, straniante o infamante
È ben noto come nella vita reale alcuni nomi propri giungano ad assumere il valore di ‘marchio’ d’infamia o di stigma per chi li porta (per i cristiani, il nome di Giuda; per chi professa attitudini antitotalitarie, quelli dei grandi dittatori del Novecento; i nomi degli Ebrei nella Germania nazista; ma si pensi anche ai ‘nomi dei trovatelli’, o ai ‘nomi come numero’ imposti ai deportati nei lager, ecc.). Una casistica che più d’una volta si riverbera in letteratura o nel cinema (basti ricordare il caso, ironico ma non troppo, del film Le prénom, tutto giocato su questo tema; o quello del personaggio israelita di nome Siegfried Fischerle in Autodafé di Elias Canetti), e che troverebbe ancora un immenso campo di esplorazione. Una pista più inedita potrebbe essere quella che indaghi anche, ad esempio, in che misura la stessa inventività onomaturgica degli scrittori sia condizionata da tale stigma, suggerendo di attingere da questo repertorio, o al contrario di evitarlo, nel momento di scegliere un nome ‘adeguato’ al carattere dei personaggi. Senza dimenticare riflessi ironici del fenomeno (testimoniati dalla celeberrima motivazione addotta da mastro Geppetto all’atto di nominare il suo burattino di legno: «Lo voglio chiamar Pinocchio. Questo nome gli porterà fortuna. Ho conosciuto una famiglia intera di Pinocchi […] e tutti se la passavano bene. Il più ricco di loro chiedeva l’elemosina»); o sue ancor più sorprendenti varianti, come il caso di Disdemona/Des-, che sembra ribaltare il percorso sin qui delineato (quello cioè di nomi reali colpiti da una damnatio che giunge a connotarli come nomi ‘proibiti’): coniato come invenzione letteraria (da G. B. Giraldi Cinzio), come nome che porta in sé inciso un destino malaugurato (‘nato sotto una cattiva stella’, se se ne considera l’etimo greco), grazie al successo della vicenda (cui contribuisce in modo decisivo la versione shakespeariana), si afferma come nome reale, pur forse non del tutto immemore dello stigma etimologico originario.
  1. I titoli delle opere letterarie come onimi
Il titolo, in sé definibile quale “nome proprio metalinguistico” (Hoeck), è stato a lungo studiato in ottica semiologica, vedendo in esso, genettianamente, una delle più significative ‘soglie testuali’. Successivi interventi in chiave specificamente onomastica hanno iniziato a delineare vere e proprie microtradizioni su singoli casi di spiccato interesse (dal titolo del poema dantesco al Corbaccio boccacciano, per citare solo due esempi), e già sondato ogni epoca e àmbito letterario. Indagini che hanno talora sapore prettamente filologico, nel tentare di risalire alle non sempre cristalline motivazioni alla base di certe titolazioni (basti pensare proprio allo straniante Comedìa apposto al poema dantesco), ma alternandosi a prospezioni di carattere più latamente interpretativo, che ne rivelano una funzione ben più complessa di una mera sintesi descrittiva di un’opera: il titolo come ‘premessa/promessa’, che può essere poi mantenuta o clamorosamente ribaltata, e che lascia in ogni caso una scia persistente nella ricezione del lettore (basti pensare, per proporre una traccia investigativa, alle suggestioni evocate dai titoli dei primi romanzi di Amélie Nothomb).
  1. Il nome nelle dediche
Verrebbe forse naturale, a tutta prima, di ascrivere a motivazioni meramente biografiche, o in alternativa avantestuali ed extraletterarie, per così dire, e segnatamente encomiastiche, la presenza di nomi propri nelle sezioni dedicatorie delle opere letterarie, configurando di conseguenza il fenomeno come accessorio e marginale: e a provarlo del resto sarebbe il non infrequente mutamento del nome del dedicatario nelle opere a redazione plurima. Ma sorge il sospetto che le cose, almeno non sempre, stiano così. Un’insospettabile valenza strutturale del nome proprio dei dedicatari si mostra ad esempio in alcune celebri raccolte novellistiche 4-500esche, come il Novellino di Masuccio Salernitano, in cui il rapporto tra ogni novella e la Dedica che immancabilmente la incornicia, che vedrebbe per statuto quest’ultima in posizione ancillare, si ribalta diametralmente, poiché anzi, come è stato scritto, Masuccio sembra scegliere dapprima il dedicatario, e solo in seguito informa il testo novellistico al profilo biografico di quello. Per non parlare della funzione assolta dai nomi reali dei Dedicatari nelle novelle di Matteo Bandello, in cui essi entrano a far parte, e con ruolo determinante, di un complesso gioco di specchi narrativo, solo superficialmente funzionale a un ritratto cortigianesco di maniera, ma semmai a un originale rinnovamento del meccanismo novellistico della ‘storia portante’ o cornice. Casi altrettanto significativi sarebbero certo rintracciabili in altre epoche, generi e àmbiti letterari: a mero titolo di esempio, e limitandoci ad alcuni classici, si pensi alla funzione, che sarebbe banale liquidare come puramente encomiastica, assolta dall’Ippolito del Proemio del Furioso, o anche alla presenza, nel finale Commiato del Porto sepolto, vera dichiarazione poetica ungarettiana, del “Gentile/ Ettore Serra”, di cui è noto il ruolo determinante nella prima pubblicazione della raccolta.
  1. d) Il metodo
Come già nelle ultime edizioni del Convegno, resta accesa una sezione particolare dedicata a problematiche di carattere metodologico inerenti alla disciplina, che quest’anno intende aprirsi segnatamente allo studio delle riflessioni sul nome avanzate da filosofi, scrittori e artisti. Si presta in altri termini attenzione a quella che potrebbe definirsi come una sorta di dimensione ‘metaonomastica’, che accompagna, sostiene (ma talora può anche rallentare e ostacolare) la concreta attività onomaturgica degli autori, tanto in sede ‘pubblica’ (con affermazioni di poetica ‘strutturata’, tra le quali spiccano quelle di teorici e filosofi, da Platone e Aristotele a Roland Barthes, per dire), quanto in annotazioni preparatorie, taccuini, epistolari di uso privato (tra i quali è impossibile non ricordare ancora una volta le sofferte ammissioni manzoniane della propria insoddisfazione per i nomi dell’Adelchi, o i cataloghi/elenchi, densi di ripensamenti, di nomi di donna raccolti negli autografi di Calvino per le proprie Città invisibili).
  1.  Onomastica letteraria regionale
È prevista anche, come sempre, una Sezione dedicata alla Letteratura della regione che ospita il Convegno.

Coloro che intendano partecipare al Convegno o che vogliano proporre un loro articolo alla redazione della rivista “il Nome nel testo” sono pregati di inviare a Donatella Bremer donatella.bremer@unipi.itentro e non oltre il 30 giugno 2020un abstract, non generico, ma sufficientemente indicativo (ca. una pagina) del loro contributo.

Si prega di allegare anche un breve curriculum.
La durata degli interventi sarà fissata in relazione al numero delle proposte accolte.

Per quel che riguarda la lunghezza degli articoli da sottoporre al processo di revisione (peer review) per un'eventuale pubblicazione nella rivista «il Nome nel testo», non si dovranno superare le 12 cartelle.

Grati per l'attenzione, Vi inviamo i nostri migliori saluti il Comitato Direttivo di O&L

Per ulteriori informazioni rivolgersi anche a:
Maria Giovanna Arcamone: magiarc@gmail.com

Giorgio Sale: giosale@uniss.it